Defining the suv with the landrover defender

В рубриках: Automobile | Автор: admin 04.07.2011

Defining The Suv With The Landrover Defender

Production of the Landrover Defender didn’t start with the Defender name right off the bat.  Between 1983 and 1990, the Rover Group Plc then under the Government before getting privatized when the British Aerospace bought it in 1988, came out with the Land Rover 90, 110 and 127/130 to reflect different wheelbase lengths in inches,  enhancing its Series III Land Rovers that started in 1948 and was about to end its production in 1985.  It was only in 1990 when, together with the new Discovery line started a year earlier, would break the company’s traditional naming convention over the last 40 years.  It now has the Discovery, Defender and the future Freelander series.

Distinguishing Features

From the exterior, the Land Rovers of the 80s had little to distinguish them from the Series III Land Rovers, other than a full bonnet, a slightly revised grille and a wheel well arches covering wider tires from wider axles.

The engines however showed significant improvements that included a 3.2 liter V8 petrol engine with 5-speed transmission before getting subsequent upgrading to 3.5 as well as the introduction of 68 hp 2.5 liter diesel engine.   Coil springs replaced leaf springs on all fours to improve axle articulation and ride comfort.

Its all-wheel drive system comes from the upscale Range Rover line with 2-speed gearboxes and a locking center differential.  Cosmetically, you have a more modern interior and a one-piece windscreen that took out the center post.

The early 90 and 110 models had sliding windows and subsequent models from 1984 onwards used the standard wind-up windows.  The basic pick-up and station wagon models continued to be marketed as utility multi-purpose working vehicles aimed at families and it was not until later when it started to get accessory options that progressively started its position as a private recreational vehicle – the precursor of your sports luxury SUVs.

At about the same time, a new 127 and 130 wheelbase was introduced as a more rugged utility Defender for larger heavier payloads.  This longer wheelbase was a stock station wagon out of the factory and was an instant hit and became popular with after-market conversion kits for an ambulance, fire engine, flat bed trucks and a van that can seat 15 persons.

Introducing the Defender

It was in 1990 that the Defender name was introduced and has been evolving ever since to the present despite changing ownership hands from BMW in 1994, Ford Motor in 2000 and the Tata Motors of India in 2008.  With the Defender’s introduction came a new 2.5 liter turbo charged diesel engine, the 200Tdi that produced 111 hp, a 25% improvement over the engine it replaced and was also used in the Discovery series.

This allowed the Defender to cruise with the highest level of comfort for a Land Rover until that time.  The various wheelbase models also got a name change and were now known as the Defender 90, Defender 110 and the 127 became the Defender 130.

Throughout the 90s, the Landrover Defender fulfilled two product positioning niches – one is the basic all-terrain all purpose family utility vehicle if bought without the optional extras.  Otherwise, with the accessories, the Defender becomes an up-market utility that can be used everyday on city streets and highways with the same driving luxuries and comforts found in regular sedans and SUV’s.

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